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International day of Neutrality 2020, what is it?
By Jhoemz Vercide 11 Dec 2020 369

International day of Neutrality 2020, what is it?

Neutrality—an act or a particular status defined by international law, of a State not a party to an armed conflict (Armed Conflict, International). This status entails specific rights and duties in the relationship between the neutral and the belligerent States (Belligerency), according to Oxford Public International Law.

Photo courtesy of United Nations

December 12th, marks the third year celebration of the International Day of Neutrality since the United Nations Assembly adopted without a vote resolution as introduced by the permanent nation of Turkmenistan which noted the link between the preservation of peace and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.



The ‘celebration’ promotes the importance of peaceful, friendly, and mutually beneficial relations between countries. When a country is neutral, it means they are not taking a side in times of war or conflict.

According to the United Nations, It is worth noting that the policy of neutrality—a key factor for providing conditions and building a platform for peaceful negotiations—is also closely interconnected with and based on the tools of preventive diplomacy, such as early warning and prevention of conflict, mediation, good offices, fact-finding missions, negotiation, the use of special envoys, informal consultations, peace-building, and targeted development activities.

The resolution also implies that some states‚ national policies of neutrality can contribute to the strengthening of international peace and security and play an important role in developing mutually beneficial relations among countries in the world.

Preventive diplomacy as the core function of the United Nations is central to the role of the United Nations Secretary-General, and to this day, it holds events aimed at enhancing public awareness of the value of neutrality in international relations.


Photo courtesy of United Nations



As several nations in the world face political tensions and crises that lead to wars, the United Nations uphold its principle defend, promote, and encourage the settlement of international disputes by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace and security are not endangered.

For UN, preventive diplomacy, mediation, and peacemaking come hand-in-hand as the organization has been firmly working increasingly in partnership with regional organizations in order to bring ongoing conflicts to an end, and to prevent new crises from emerging or escalating. 

HOW TO OBSERVE #InternationalDayOfNeutrality

Member states, organizations, educators, and concerned individuals hold events throughout the country to promote neutrality among countries.

Here are simple ways on how to participate:

  • Discuss with others the importance of peacekeeping, preventative diplomacy, and mediation when it comes to remaining neutral.
  • Think about what it would be like to live in a country that practiced neutrality in times of conflict. How would this change your view of the world?
  • Learn about the peacemaking missions the United Nations has been involved with since its formation in 1945.


Being neutral strictly manifests great strength and composure, and this is what this day wants to imbibe amongst us—choose your battles ‘cause not all of them are worthy to engage.

Happy International Day of Neutrality!

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